Equipment Inspection And Use And Emergency Equipment Inspection And Use (49 CFR §§ 392.7 and 392.8); Emergency Equipment On All Power Units (49 CFR § 393.95)
Legal Commentary: These regulations govern basic requirements for commercial vehicle safety and emergency equipment required. In addition, the specific requirements for emergency equipment are delineated, including fire extinguishers and flare devices in case of emergency. The safety of a commercial carrier depends on the safety of its vehicles. These regulations, along with many others in the regulatory scheme, require motor carriers to maintain specific standards with regard to basic and safety equipment.
The potential for injuries and damages that can be caused in a serious truck accident can be mitigated or possibly avoided, if the vehicle is in proper working order. If it isn’t or if the driver does not have required safety equipment in good working order, disaster can result.
For more information on commercial vehicle accidents and what you can do if you have been injured in this type of accident, please contact Georgia truck accident lawyer Charles Scholle – he will evaluate your case free of charge and in confidence. You can also call Scholle Law, or call us toll-free at 866-972-5287 or in Atlanta at 770-717-5100 for trucking accidents or serious injuries that have resulted from collisions with trucks, semi-trailers or other commercial vehicles.§ 392.7 Equipment, Inspection and Use
(a) No commercial motor vehicle shall be driven unless the driver is satisfied that the following parts and accessories are in good working order, nor shall any driver fail to use or make use of such parts and accessories when and as needed:
- Service brakes, including trailer brake connections.
- Parking (hand) brake.
- Steering mechanism.
- Lighting devices and reflectors.
- Windshield wiper or wipers.
- Rear-vision mirror or mirrors.
- Coupling devices.
(b) Drivers preparing to transport intermodal equipment must make an inspection of the following components, and must be satisfied they are in good working order before the equipment is operated over the road. Drivers who operate the equipment over the road shall be deemed to have confirmed the following components were in good working order when the driver accepted the equipment:
Service brake components that are readily visible to a driver performing as thorough a visual inspection as possible without physically going under the vehicle, and trailer brake connections.
- Lighting devices, lamps, markers, and conspicuity marking material
- Wheels, rims, lugs, tires
- Air line connections, hoses, and couplers
- King pin upper coupling device
- Rails or support frames
- Tie down bolsters
- Locking pins, clevises, clamps, or hooks
- Sliders or sliding frame lock
No commercial motor vehicle shall be driven unless the driver thereof is satisfied that the emergency equipment required by §393.95 of this subchapter is in place and ready for use; nor shall any driver fail to use or make use of such equipment when and as needed.
[49 FR 38290, Sept. 28, 1984, as amended at 60 FR 38746, July 28, 1995]§ 393.95 Emergency Equipment on All Power Units
Each truck, truck tractor, and bus (except those towed in driveaway-towaway operations) must be equipped as follows:
(a) Fire extinguishers—
- Minimum ratings.
- A power unit that is used to transport hazardous materials in a quantity that requires placarding (See §177.823 of this title) must be equipped with a fire extinguisher having an Underwriters' Laboratories rating of 10 B:C or more.
- A power unit that is not used to transport hazardous materials must be equipped with either:
- A fire extinguisher having an Underwriters' Laboratories rating of 5 B:C or more; or
- Two fire extinguishers, each of which has an Underwriters' Laboratories rating of 4 B:C or more.
- Labeling and marking. Each fire extinguisher required by this section must be labeled or marked by the manufacturer with its Underwriters' Laboratories rating.
- Visual Indicators. The fire extinguisher must be designed, constructed, and maintained to permit visual determination of whether it is fully charged.
- Condition, location, and mounting. The fire extinguisher(s) must be filled and located so that it is readily accessible for use. The extinguisher(s) must be securely mounted to prevent sliding, rolling, or vertical movement relative to the motor vehicle.
- Extinguishing agents. The fire extinguisher must use an extinguishing agent that does not need protection from freezing. Extinguishing agents must comply with the toxicity provisions of the Environmental Protection Agency's Significant New Alternatives Policy (SNAP) regulations under 40 CFR Part 82, Subpart G.
- Exception. This paragraph (a) does not apply to the driven unit in a driveaway-towaway operation.
(b) Spare fuses. Power units for which fuses are needed to operate any required parts and accessories must have at least one spare fuse for each type/size of fuse needed for those parts and accessories.
(f) Warning devices for stopped vehicles. Except as provided in paragraph (g) of this section, one of the following options must be used:
- Three bidirectional emergency reflective triangles that conform to the requirements of Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standard No. 125, § 571.125 of this title; or
- At least 6 fusees or 3 liquid-burning flares. The vehicle must have as many additional fusees or liquid-burning flares as are necessary to satisfy the requirements of §392.22.
- Other warning devices may be used in addition to, but not in lieu of, the required warning devices, provided those warning devices do not decrease the effectiveness of the required warning devices.
(g) Restrictions on the use of flame-producing devices. Liquid-burning flares, fusees, oil lanterns, or any signal produced by a flame shall not be carried on any commercial motor vehicle transporting Division 1.1, 1.2, 1.3 (explosives) hazardous materials; any cargo tank motor vehicle used for the transportation of Division 2.1 (flammable gas) or Class 3 (flammable liquid) hazardous materials whether loaded or empty; or any commercial motor vehicle using compressed gas as a motor fuel.
(j) Requirements for fusees and liquid-burning flares. Each fusee shall be capable of burning for 30 minutes, and each liquid-burning flare shall contain enough fuel to burn continuously for at least 60 minutes. Fusees and liquid-burning flares shall conform to the requirements of Underwriters Laboratories, Inc., UL No. 912, Highway Emergency Signals, Fourth Edition, July 30, 1979, (with an amendment dated November 9, 1981). (See §393.7(c) for information on the incorporation by reference and availability of this document.) Each fusee and liquid-burning flare shall be marked with the UL symbol in accordance with the requirements of UL 912.
(k) Requirements for red flags. Red flags shall be not less than 12 inches square, with standards adequate to maintain the flags in an upright position.